Unsafety pp 87-106 | Cite as

Lost Trust: Socio-biological Hazard—From AIDS Pandemic to Viral Outbreaks

  • Shigeo Atsuji
Part of the Translational Systems Sciences book series (TSS)


Iatrogenic HIV infection refers here to cases of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) caused by private and public administration of blood products [1]. Following the discovery of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in 1981, numerous warnings were issued by specialists regarding the use of blood products. In spite of this, no effective measures such as a switch to cryoprecipitate were taken, and the authorization of safe heated products was also delayed, as a result of which 40 % of Japanese hemophiliacs, or some 2000 people, fell victim as a result of ‘human error’ [2]. Additionally, since insufficient risk data was provided, the infection spread to partners, families, and other associates of hemophiliacs through secondary and tertiary infection. In connection, questions were asked as to the degree of responsibility of those institutions involved in the outbreak and spread of the infection.


Human Immunodeficiency Virus Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Acquire Immune Deficiency Syndrome Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy Viral Outbreak 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Atsuji, S., Management Policy for Organizational Disaster, Doshisha University, 2003.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Reason, J., Human Error, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Turner, B., Man-made Disaster, London: Wykeham, 1978.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    UNAIDS (2012), Global report: UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic 2012, 2012, pp. 6–8.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Perrow, C., Normal Accidents: Living with High-Risk Technologies, New York: Basic Books, 1984.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Osaka HIV Sosho Bengōdan, Yakugai AIDS Kokusai Kaigi [Medically Induced AIDS International Conference], Sairyūsha, 1998, p. 161.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    See, The AIDS Scandal, Iwanami Booklet. See also, URL:
  8. 8.
    Eric, F. and Ronald, B., Blood Feuds: AIDs, Blood, and the Politics of Medical Disaster, Oxford University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
    Kanuma, K., Yakugai AIDS Saikō [Rethinking AIDS], Kadensha, 1998, p. 21.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kanuma, K., Ibid., p. 22.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kanuma, K., Ibid., p. 148.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Abe, H., AIDS to wa Nanika [What is AIDS?], NHK Publishing, 1986, p. 28.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    See for example, Mainichi Shimbun Shakaibu, Yakugai AIDS Ubawareta Mirai [Medically Induced AIDS: Stolen Future], Mainichi Shimbunsha, 1996, p. 74.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mintzberg, H., Mintzberg on Management: Inside Our Strange World of Organizations, New York: The Free Press, 1989.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Weick, K.E., “The vulnerable system: an analysis of the Tenerife air disaster” in Frost P.J. et al. (eds), Reframing Organizational Culture, London: Sage Publications, 1991.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    WHO: World Health Organization, Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, 2012, p. 26.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    IPCC: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis, 2013. See, Weizsacker, E.U. von, Hargroves, K., and Smith, M., FAKTOR FUNF: Die Formel fur nachhaltiges Wachstum, The Natural Edge Project, 2009. See also, “Climate Change Act 2008” by UK Law.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Reason, J., Managing the Risks of Organizational Accidents, Ashgate Publishing, 1977, pp. 11–13.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shigeo Atsuji
    • 1
  1. 1.Kansai UniversityKyotoJapan

Personalised recommendations