Theoretical and Managerial Implications

  • Nobuyuki Tokoro
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Business book series (BRIEFSBUSINESS)


In this chapter, I will consolidate the various implications drawn from the three case studies on smart city projects examined in Chaps.  3 5, and verify various academic indications regarding the establishment of competitive advantage through co-creation , which is the main theme of this book. In each of the chapters above, efforts were made to draw out implications from the case studies presented. The task in this chapter is to draw out implications with more universality by juxtaposing and comparing the implications of the individual case studies. In theoretical structures in research on organizations, “disciplined imagination” is considered an important element (Weick 1989, 1995) . Applying disciplined imagination here will require clarifying the explanatory variables and explained variables of the respective three cases and comparing their causal relationships rather than simply listing the various implications drawn from the three case studies as projects conducted in different environments under different conditions. The implications identified through this process will theoretically provide more in-depth clues to understanding the establishment of competitive advantage through co-creation, the overarching theme of this book.


Competitive Advantage Tacit Knowledge Share Price Smart City Corporate Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Commerce and Graduate School of Business AdministrationNihon UniversitySetagaya-kuJapan

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