The Impact of Employment System on Feeling of Happiness in Germany and Japan

  • Toshiyuki Shirakawa
Part of the Creative Economy book series (CRE)


Employment instability has recently been observed in many developed capitalist countries. This condition is directly related to poverty, and may produce political conflict. If the number of people who lack a reliable economic foundation for life increases, and if gaps between strata of society continue to widen, then social cohesion will lose a base of stability. Such scenarios are detrimental to creating a future competitive economy and knowledge-based society. Describing actual conditions and the main factors influencing employment instability is thus an urgent issue within the social sciences.


Social Capital Employment Status Temporary Agency Social Consciousness Employment Protection Legislation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We are indebted to the editors of this volume for their advice and helpful comments on earlier drafts of this chapter. We also benefited from discussions of the paper at the International Workshop on the Comparative Study on Happiness in Paris, held on 16–17 October 2014. This work was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for JSPS Fellows.


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Human SciencesOsaka UniversitySuitaJapan

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