Advertisement

The Impact of Employment System on Feeling of Happiness in Germany and Japan

  • Toshiyuki Shirakawa
Part of the Creative Economy book series (CRE)

Abstract

Employment instability has recently been observed in many developed capitalist countries. This condition is directly related to poverty, and may produce political conflict. If the number of people who lack a reliable economic foundation for life increases, and if gaps between strata of society continue to widen, then social cohesion will lose a base of stability. Such scenarios are detrimental to creating a future competitive economy and knowledge-based society. Describing actual conditions and the main factors influencing employment instability is thus an urgent issue within the social sciences.

Keywords

Social Capital Employment Status Temporary Agency Social Consciousness Employment Protection Legislation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are indebted to the editors of this volume for their advice and helpful comments on earlier drafts of this chapter. We also benefited from discussions of the paper at the International Workshop on the Comparative Study on Happiness in Paris, held on 16–17 October 2014. This work was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for JSPS Fellows.

References

  1. Bellani, L., & D’Ambrosio, C. (2011). Deprivation, social exclusion and subjective well-being. Social Indicators Research, 104(1), 67–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Castel, R. (2003). From manual workers to wage labourers: Transformation of the social question. New Brunswick: Transaction.Google Scholar
  3. Genda, Y. (2001). Shigoto no Naka no Aimai na Fuan: Yureru Jakunen no Genzai. Tokyo: Chuo Koron Shinsha.Google Scholar
  4. Gundert, S., & Hohendanner, C. (2014). Do fixed-term and temporary agency workers feel socially excluded? Labour market integration and social well-being in Germany. Acta Sociologica, 57(2), 135–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ishida, A. (2009). Kasoteki Shotoku Saibunpai ni Yoru Hubyodo to Kohuku Sowa no Hendo: 2005 Nen SSM Tyousa Data wo Mochiita Simulation Bunseki. Shakaigaku Hyoron, 59(4), 752–768.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kikkawa, T. (1999). ‘Tyu’ Ishiki no Shizukana Henyo: Kaiso Hyoka Kijun no Jitenkan Hikaku Bunseki. Shakaigaku Hyoron, 50(2), 216–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kikkawa, T. (2006). Gakureki to Kakusa, Hubyodo: Seijuku suru Nihongata Gakureki Shakai. Tokyo: Tokyo Daigaku Shuppankai.Google Scholar
  8. Kobayashi, D. (2008a). Kaiso Ishiki ni Taisuru Jugyojo no Chii no Kouka. In M. Todoroki (Ed.), Kaiso Ishiki no Genzai (2005 SSM Report Vol. 8) (pp. 53–66). Kyoto: 2005 SSM Tyousa Kenkyukai.Google Scholar
  9. Kobayashi, D. (2008b). Jakunenso no Kaiso Ishiki ni Okeru ‘Freeter’ no Kouka: Freeter wo Shiteiru Riyu ni Yoru Bunseki. In H. Tarohmaru (Ed.), Jakunenso no Shakai Idou to Kaisoka (2005 SSM Report Vol. 11) (pp. 205–218). Kyoto: 2005 SSM Tyousa Kenkyukai.Google Scholar
  10. Kosugi, R. (2003). Freeter to Iu Ikikata. Tokyo: Keiso Syobo.Google Scholar
  11. Mamada, T. (1990). Kaiso Kizoku Ishiki. In J. Hara (Ed.), Kaiso Ishiki no Dotai (pp. 23–45). Tokyo: Tokyo Daigaku Shuppankai.Google Scholar
  12. Naoi, M. (1979). Kaiso Ishiki to Kaikyu Ishiki. In K. Tominaga (Ed.), Nihon no Kaiso Kozo (pp. 365–388). Tokyo: Tokyo Daigaku Shuppankai.Google Scholar
  13. Ohtake, F. (2004). Shitugyo to Kohukudo. Nihon Roudo Kenkyu Zassi, 46(7), 59–68.Google Scholar
  14. Putnam, R. D. (2000). Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community. New York: Simon & Schuster.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Sakaguchi, Y. (2011). Shitugyo Risk no Susei Bunseki: Hiseiki Koyo Kakudai no Eikyo to Kitei Kouzo no Henka ni Tyumokusite. Socioloji, 55(3), 3–18.Google Scholar
  16. Shirakawa, T. (2008). Jakunen Rodo Shijo ni Okeru Hitenkei Koyo, Mugyo to Gender: JGSS Togo Data ni Yoru Bunseki kara. Nihonban General Social Surveys Kenkyu Ronbunshu, 7, 133–145.Google Scholar
  17. Tarohmaru, H. (2006a). Shakai Idou to Freeter: Dare ga Freeter ni Nariyasuinoka. In H. Tarohmaru (Ed.), Freeter to Neet no Shakaigaku (pp. 30–48). Kyoto: Sekaishisosha.Google Scholar
  18. Tarohmaru, H. (Ed.). (2006b). Freeter to Neet no Shakaigaku. Kyoto: Sekaishisosha.Google Scholar
  19. Tarohmaru, H. (2008). Hashigaki. In H. Tarohmaru (Ed.), Jakunenso no Shakai Idou to Kaisoka (2005 SSM Report Vol. 11) (pp. 5–6). Kyoto: 2005 SSM Tyousa Kenkyukai.Google Scholar
  20. Tominaga, K. (1979). Shakai Kaiso to Shakai Ido no Susei Bunseki. In K. Tominaga (Ed.), Nihon no Kaiso Kozo (pp. 33–87). Tokyo: Tokyo Daigaku Shuppankai.Google Scholar
  21. Umino, M. (2000). Yutakasa no Tsuikyu kara Kohei Shakai no Kikyu he: Kaiso Ishiki no Kozo to Henyo. In M. Umino (Ed.), Koheikan to Seiji Ishiki (pp. 3–36). Tokyo: Tokyo Daigaku Shuppankai.Google Scholar
  22. Urakawa, K. (2011). Kofukudo Kenkyu no Genjo: Shorai Fuan heno Shohosen. Nihon Roudo Kenkyu Zassi, 53(7), 4–15.Google Scholar
  23. Yagi, T., (2010). Kakusa Shakai ni Okeru Community Kino to Kikai no Kohei. Doshisha University Life Risk Research Center. Discussion Paper Series, No. 2010-01.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Human SciencesOsaka UniversitySuitaJapan

Personalised recommendations