Physical Social Overhead Capital (SOC)


Of highly important preconditions for modern economic growth (MEG) are the supply of energy and the formation and geographical growth of the market economy, assuming that the basic biological needs, that is, measures to ensure a sound water supply and sewage, are satisfied.


Railroad System Service Charge Land Transportation National Railway Modern Economic Growth 


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Copyright information

© JICA Research Institute 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Economic ResearchHitotsubashi UniversityTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Hosei UniversityTokyoJapan

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