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Carbon Stock Estimate

  • Sawahiko Shimada
  • Hidenori Takahashi
  • Mitsuru Osaki

Abstract

Tropical peatlands have changed their role from carbon sinks to carbon sources mainly by recent anthropogenic disturbances. It is an urgent issue to evaluate the importance of tropical peatlands as carbon stocks and to preserve the ecosystems including their carbon dynamics. Spatial distribution of carbon mass at a regional level needs to be delineated in order to utilize it in the simulation of carbon release impact of peat fires or in preservation planning strategy from a carbon dynamic perspective. In this chapter, a simple method to predict peat thickness was introduced. This pridiction method focuses on the differences in phenological characteristics due to the differences in hydroperiod and thickness of peat layer. Since the hydroperiod is a seasonal characteristic of peatlands in Southeast Asia, the phenology of the peat swamp forest was hypothesized to be a predictor of underlying peat thickness. Monthly NOAA-AVHRR data (Sep. 1992–Aug. 1993) were used to trace the fluctuation of vegetation activities among three seasonal periods. The peat swamp forests of Kalimantan was discovered to be classified into eight major phenology types and the classified map was found out be a good indicator to estimate the accumulated peat volume in peat swamp forests. According to our further estimation analysis, the carbon mass below the peat swamp forests (2.04 Mha) and the non-forest area (0.36 Mha) of Central Kalimantan peatlands were estimated to be 1.69 and 0.55 Gt C Mha−1, respectively. Extrapolating these values, we estimate that ca. 27 Gt C is stored within Indonesian peat (16.90 Mha) and 29.9–67.6 Gt C within Southeast Asian peat (19.7–41.5 Mha).

Keywords

Carbon density Carbon stock Peat thickness Phenology type classification Volumetric C density 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors would like to thank S.H. Limin (University of Palangkaraya) for invaluable help at field survey and Jack O. Rieley for helpful advice and variable comments. Results shown in this paper were mainly obtained from SATREPS (Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development) project entitled as “Wild fire and carbon management in peat-forest in Indonesia” (2008–2014) founded by JST (Japan Science and Technology Agency) and JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency) and Core University Program between Hokkaido University and LIP (The Indonesian Institute of Sciences) entitled as “Environmental Conservation and Land Use Managemant of Wetland Ecosystem in Southeast Asia” (1997–2006) founded by JSPS (Japan Soceinty of the Promotion of Science).

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sawahiko Shimada
    • 1
  • Hidenori Takahashi
    • 2
  • Mitsuru Osaki
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Regional Environment ScienceTokyo University of AgricultureSetagayaJapan
  2. 2.Hokkaido Institute of Hydro-climateSapporoJapan
  3. 3.Research Faculty of AgricultureHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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