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A Comparative Zoogeographic View on the Animal Biodiversity of Indonesia and Japan

  • Hitoshi Suzuki
  • Anang Setiawan Achmadi

Abstract

The Indonesian Archipelago harbors unique fauna with a high level of species diversity and endemism. In this report, we provide basic information on the spatial and temporal aspects of the animal ecosystem in the Indonesian Islands. We discuss four zoogeographic topics, including (1) lineage dispersal events from the continents to the Islands, (2) speciation processes in the insular area, (3) accelerated phenotypic evolution and (4) human impact on commensal animals compared to previous cases in the Japanese Archipelago, in which the same eustatic geological events and global climatic changes have occurred.

Keywords

Biogeography Indonesia Japan Molecular phylogeny Mammals Evolution 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank all members of the Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense, Research Center for Biology – LIPI, especially Dwi Aswti, Ibnu Maryanto, Martua H. Sinaga and Agustinus Suyanto for their hospitality in the field investigation and valuable suggestions. We would also like to thank Alejandro A. Chinen, Seigo Higashi, Tomofumi Shimada and Hidenori Takahashi for their valuable comments. This study was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) from Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) to H. S. (2440513).

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Ecology and Genetics, Graduate School of Environmental Earth ScienceHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.Museum Zoologicum BogorienseResearch Center for Biology – LIPICibinongIndonesia

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