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Floristic Diversity in the Peatland Ecosystems of Central Kalimantan

  • Joeni Setijo Rahajoe
  • Laode Alhamd
  • Tika Dewi Atikah
  • Bayu A. Pratama
  • Satomi Shiodera
  • Takashi S. Kohyama

Abstract

Tropical peatlands have accumulated huge amounts of carbon. However, the carbon pool is presently disturbed by land utilization practices, and consequently it is becoming vulnerable to the effects of the changes. Tropical peatlands present a threat if they switch from being carbon sinks to carbon sources for the atmosphere. In the present state they provide a number of ecosystem services, such as biodiversity, habitat maintenance, water cycling, and commodities for exploitation. Tree diversity in the peatland forests of various study sites in Central Kalimantan are described here. In the Sebangau, Bawan, and Hampangen villages, the trees species were only 42.5 % of the total number of tree species found in the peatland forest. The estimates of above-ground biomass was about 331 t ha−1, and the litterfall around 6.5–9.1 t ha−1 year−1. The litterfall varied among locations, different in the degraded and intact peatland forests, and the nitrogen and carbon input of litterfall in these peatland forest types were 39.1 and 2,724 kg ha−1 year−1, respectively.

Keywords

Above ground biomass Central Kalimantan Litterfall Peatland forest 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We wish to thank the late Prof. Herwint SIMBOLON for his encouragement and motivation to conduct research in Central Kalimantan, and also to thank Dr. Ademola BRAIMOH for the supporting grant funded by APN (Asian Pacific Network) Programme. Appreciation is also extended to Suhendra and Heru Hartantri for their help in the field and laboratory work.

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joeni Setijo Rahajoe
    • 1
  • Laode Alhamd
    • 1
  • Tika Dewi Atikah
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bayu A. Pratama
    • 1
  • Satomi Shiodera
    • 3
  • Takashi S. Kohyama
    • 4
  1. 1.Research Center for Biology Indonesian Institute of SciencesCibinong Science CenterBogor KM 46Indonesia
  2. 2.Graduate School of Environmental ScienceHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  3. 3.Center for Southeast Asian Studies (CSEAS)Kyoto UniversityYoshida Sakyo-kuJapan
  4. 4.Faculty of Environmental Earth ScienceHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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