Yak Husbandry and Pastoral Communities
Yak husbandry is a crucial part of Monpa community life. These domestic animals of the Tibetan plateau and Himalayan Region, including highlands of Arunachal Pradesh have complex mating patterns. Each of a number of types of yak [g.yag] is used for a specific purpose. The relationship between the type of yak and altitude is especially important. Grazing land is produced by forest reduction. The traditional method is the application of aconite root extract to tree trunks after ring-barking, and the main method used today is simply to bark trees. Pastoral people migrate seasonally, but they typically allow yak grazing in areas around their settlements during the winter. Pastoralists never practice agriculture even in or around their winter settlements. In pastoral communities, yaks are much more than mere domestic animals: they are fundamental to the livelihood of Monpa communities. The focus of this chapter is on Monpa pastoral communities, and consideration is given to their relationship with agricultural people.
KeywordsGrazing land Hybrid Pastoralists Land rent Yak
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