Yak Husbandry and Pastoral Communities

  • Kazuharu Mizuno
  • Lobsang Tenpa
Part of the International Perspectives in Geography book series (IPG, volume 6)


Yak husbandry is a crucial part of Monpa community life. These domestic animals of the Tibetan plateau and Himalayan Region, including highlands of Arunachal Pradesh have complex mating patterns. Each of a number of types of yak [g.yag] is used for a specific purpose. The relationship between the type of yak and altitude is especially important. Grazing land is produced by forest reduction. The traditional method is the application of aconite root extract to tree trunks after ring-barking, and the main method used today is simply to bark trees. Pastoral people migrate seasonally, but they typically allow yak grazing in areas around their settlements during the winter. Pastoralists never practice agriculture even in or around their winter settlements. In pastoral communities, yaks are much more than mere domestic animals: they are fundamental to the livelihood of Monpa communities. The focus of this chapter is on Monpa pastoral communities, and consideration is given to their relationship with agricultural people.


Grazing land Hybrid Pastoralists Land rent Yak 


  1. Chatterjee A, Basu A, Sarkar M, Das DN (2003) Comparative chemical evaluation of some high altitude tree fodders commonly fed to yak. J Hill Res 16(1):39–41Google Scholar
  2. Chatterjee A, Ahmed FA, Bouragohain R, Pourouchottamane R, Ramesha KP (2006) Tannin and non-tannin phenolic compounds in some high altitude tree fodder of Arunachal Pradesh. Indian J Anim Sci 76(2):165–168Google Scholar
  3. Ramesha KP, Manajit B, Kandeepan G, Chakravarty P (2009) Indigenous traditional knowledge of yak rearers. National Research Centre on Yak, DirangGoogle Scholar
  4. Yamaguchi Z (1987) Tibet: 1. Toyo Sensyo, Tokyo (in Japanese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kazuharu Mizuno
    • 1
  • Lobsang Tenpa
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geography Graduate School of LettersKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Institute for South and Central Asian StudiesUniversity of LeipzigLeipzigGermany

Personalised recommendations