Policies Towards Tackling Climate Change and Their Compatibility with the WTO

  • Kiyotaka Morita
Part of the Environmental Protection in the European Union book series (ENVPROTEC, volume 5)


Japan and the EU have been implementing domestic measures to tackle climate change. Although measures such as technical standards, eco-labelling and emissions trade systems are expected to contribute towards cutting greenhouse gas emissions, they often evoke discussions regarding their compatibility with WTO regulations. Would an obligation to comply with the energy efficiency standards comprise a technical barrier to trade? Would free allocation of allowances under the emissions trade system be regarded as subsidies under the WTO Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures? Would border tax adjustments relate to the principle of Most Favoured Nations (MFN) or National Treatment (NT)? This study examines these issues from the perspective of WTO jurisprudence.


World Trade Organization Clean Development Mechanism Commitment Period Most Favour Nation World Trade Organization Agreement 
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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Cooperation BureauKeidanren (Japan Business Federation)TokyoJapan

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