Challenges and Prospects for the Nuclear Safety Regime in Japan and in the European Union After Fukushima
Nuclear safety falls under the scope of national sovereignty. In the historical course of nuclear technology department, several accidents and incidents have occurred and thus more efforts have been made to achieve a higher level of nuclear safety. Together with the IAEA Safety Standard and the relevant international conventions, such as the Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident, the Convention on Assistance in the Cased of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency, and the Convention on Nuclear Safety, a nuclear safety regime has been developed and elaborated at not only the national level, but the regional and international levels as well. On 11 March 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake of magnitude 9.0 and the subsequent tsunami was catastrophic to the region and the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power station. This chapter describes the challenges, developments and prospects for the nuclear safety regimes in Japan and in the European Union after the Fukushima event.
KeywordsNuclear Power Plant International Atomic Energy Agency Nuclear Accident Nuclear Safety Nuclear Installation
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