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The Nuclear Force and Two-Body Systems

  • Noboru Takigawa
  • Kouhei Washiyama
Chapter

Abstract

The strong interaction between nucleons which is called the nuclear force plays the central role in nuclear physics. Compared with the Coulomb interaction between two charged particles, which plays the exclusive role in condensed matter physics, the nuclear force is fairly complicated reflecting the fact that nucleons are composite particles and have spin and isospin degrees of freedom. There are several different approaches to uncover nuclear force. The one is to consider the most general possibility under the constraints from the consideration of symmetry or transformation invariance. The other is a phenomenological approach. The meson theory is also an attractive historical approach, which is often combined with phenomenological approaches. Recently, approaches based on QCD are also introduced. A difficulty of nuclear force is that the effective force inside nucleus is fairly different from the bare interaction between two nucleons in free space. In this chapter we overview the basic properties and the current understanding of the nuclear force.

Keywords

Nuclear Force Tensor Force Repulsive Core Meson Field Gauge Particle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsGraduate School of Science, Tohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  2. 2.Center for Computational SciencesUniversity of TsukubaTsukubaJapan

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