Recycling Activities and Unemployment in Economically Developing Countries

  • Hirofumi FukuyamaEmail author
Part of the New Frontiers in Regional Science: Asian Perspectives book series (NFRSASIPER, volume 13)


Environmental policies have long been discussed around the world. Among environmental problems, the disposal and recycling of wastes is as severe a problem as global warming. It is expected that waste related difficulties will be resolved quickly. Particularly, an explosive increase in waste caused by population growth in economically developing countries has become severe. Waste problems in economically developing countries exhibit the following key features in comparison with those in economically developed countries: (1) waste collection services are insufficient, (2) recovery of resources (recycling) is done almost entirely by the informal sector, and (3) environmental pollution has been generated in landfills.


Industrial Sector Informal Sector Labor Demand Final Good Intermediate Good 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Chao, C., Kervliet, J. R., & Yu, E. S. H. (2000). Environmental preservation, sectoral unemployment, and trade in resources. Review of Development Economics, 4, 39–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Corden, W. M., & Findlay, R. (1975). Urban unemployment, intersectoral capital mobility and development policy. Economica, 42(165), 59–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Daitoh, I. (2003). Environmental protection and urban unemployment: Environmental policy reform in a polluted dualistic economy. Review of Development Economics, 7, 496–509.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Daitoh, I., & Yanase, A. (2009). Waste recycling and international trade in a dualistic economy. Spring Meeting of Japan Association for Applied Economics, Mimeo.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dean, J. M., & Gangopadhyay, S. (1997). Export bans, environmental protection, and unemployment. Review of Development Economics, 1, 324–336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fukuyama, H. (2010). Recycling business and unemployment of developing country in the Harris-Todaro model. Keizaigaku-Ronshu, 74, 59–71.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fukuyama, H. (2010). An economic analysis on the optimal location of waste processing facilities and recycling in developing country. Keizaigaku-Ronshu, 75, 27–40.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Fukuyama, H., & Naito, T. (2007). Unemployment, trans-boundary pollution, and environmental policy in a dualistic economy. Review of Urban and Regional Development Studies, 19(2), 154–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Harris, J. R., & Todaro, M. P. (1970). Migration, unemployment and development: A two-sector analysis. American Economic Review, 60(1), 126–142.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ikeguchi, T. (2006). Disposal of wastes in developing countries: Current status and issues, solutions. Presentation Material of 2006 Special Speech of Center for Environmental Science in Saitama, MimeoGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Medina, M. (2007). 3R and sustainable consumption and production in developing countries: Activities through Informal sector. Presentation Material of 2006 International Symposium of Kansai Research Centre of Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, MimeoGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Law, Economics and the HumanitiesKagoshima UniversityKagoshima cityJapan

Personalised recommendations