Definition of Economic Effects, Necessity of Measurement, Prototype Model, and Externalities

  • Hirotada Kohno
Part of the New Frontiers in Regional Science: Asian Perspectives book series (NFRSASIPER, volume 1)


In this chapter, we are investigating economic effects brought about by public investment, especially theory and measurement of indirect economic effects.


Economic Effect Public Investment Social Usefulness External Economy Transport Facility 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Kohno, Hirotada. 1973. Economic effects. In Lectures on transport economics, eds. Yukihide Okano, and Hiroyuki Yamada, 179–211. Seirin Shoin-Shinsha.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kohno, Hirotada. 1973. Criteria of transport investments. In Lectures on transport economics, eds. Yukihide Okano, and Hiroyuki Yamada, 212–231. Seirin Shoin-Shinsha.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kohno, H. 1973. How to measure regional economic effects of transport investments. Transportation and Economy 33(3): 6–13.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kohno, H. 1987. Social benefits of transport investment—Theoretical synthesis. In OECD highway Committee: expert meeting and symposium in the appraisal of social and economic effects of road network improvement, Yokohama, May 26–28th, 80–92.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hotelling, H. 1938. The general welfare in relation to problems of taxation and of railway and utility rates. Econometrica 6(3): 242–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Meade, J.E. 1952. External economies and diseconomies in a competitive situation. Economic Journal 62(245): 54–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mohring, Herbert, and Mitchell, Harwitz. 1962. Highway benefits—An analytical framework. Evanston: Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Nakamura, Mitsugu. 1970. Optimum investment allocation and the price mechanism. The Journal of Economics 35(4): 24–51.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Nakamura, M. 1971. Criteria determining the highway toll rate and the economic effects of highway investment. In Regional economy and the transportation, ed. Hisao Ootsuka, Ryutaro Komiya, 241–292. Tokyo: The University of Tokyo Press.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nakamura, M. 1972. Fundamental problem of public fare⋅freight policy. Studies of transport economics, annual report of JATE of 1972. Japan Association of Transport Economics, 15–31.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    The Special Committee on Fare_Freight (chief examiner: Konno, Genpachiro). 1959. Records of the special committee on fare_freight: Separate volume of records of research committee on fare freight system, 410–411. The National Railway.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Negishi, Takashi. 1962. Entry and the optimal number of firms. Metroeconomica XIV: 86–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Negishi, Takashi. 1964. Theoretical study on the pricing policy of public utilities, Research quarterly No.17. Research Institute of Industrial Structure of Japan.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Nihon Doro Kodan. 1963. Materials on the Tokyo- Shizuoka Expressway Project prepared for International Bank for reconstruction and development – Materials on toll traffic and economic benefits. Tokyo, Japan. (Japanese edition <the third edition> March 1963).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Oishi,Y. 1957. Insufficiency of consideration on the national economic viewpoint (external economies, social benefits,). In The studies of the Kobe-Nagoya Expressway survey report by the Committee for the Study of Watkins Report, ed. Genpachiro Konno, Yasuhiko Oishi, and Susumu Kobe, et al. Tokyo: The Japan Highway Public Corporation.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Oishi, Yasuhiko. 1959. Toward the advancement of fare⋅freight system of the national railway—A memorandum. In S tudies on imperialism, ed. Katsumi Yanai, et al., 176–195. Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Oishi, Y. 1959. Economic growth and the transportation ((1) & (2)). Expressways and Automobiles 2(9): 20–23; 2(11): 19–23.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Oishi, Yasuhiko. 1964. Comment on the benefit pricing principle. Expressway and Automobiles 6(4):18–25, 31.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sasaki, Tsuneichi, Hirotada, Kohno, and Katsuyuki, Kurashimo. 1965. Economic effects of highway and the investment criteria <Transport Engineering 8>. Gijutsu-shoin.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Scitovsky, T. 1954. Two concepts of external economies. The Journal of Political Economy 62(2): 143–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Tinbergen, Jan. 1957. The appraisal of road construction: Two calculation schemes. The Review of Economics and Statistics XXXIX(3): 241–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Committee on Planning and Design Policies, American Association of State Highway Officials. 1960. Informational report by [the committee] on road user benefit analysis for highway improvements, Part 1. AASHO, Washington <commonly “Red Book”>.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hirotada Kohno
    • 1
  1. 1.Professor Emeritus University of TsukubaTsukubaJapan

Personalised recommendations