National Diversity and the Crisis of Globalisation from the Perspective of Historical Anthropology

  • Emmanuel Todd


This chapter discusses globalisation from a historical and anthropological viewpoint. The discussion is about the deeper forces—education, mobility, culture and family systems—that explain the inferior economic choices made today. I first discuss the idea that free trade, as promoted by globalisation, leads to inequality and demand insufficiency, which in turn leads to economic crises. I then discuss how acceptance of the expanding economic disparities in developed countries may be explained by the spread of educational stratification and by population aging in developed countries. Developed countries, rather than emerging countries, still have the potential to change or improve the world’s economic structure and restrain globalisation or free trade. I propose that possibly America has such potential partly due to its dynamic societal structure. For example, criticism against globalisation, including the concept of the richest 1 %, has been spread by the US to the rest of the world. Such optimistic views about America should be considered with some scepticism though.


Free Trade Advanced Country Advanced Society Quantitative Ease Triadic Patent 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Atkinson, A. B., & Piketty, T. (Eds.). (2010). Top incomes: A global perspective. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Bennett, J. C., & Lotus, M. J. (2013). America 3.0: Rebooting American prosperity in the 21st century-why America’s greatest days are yet to come. New York: Encounter Books.Google Scholar
  3. Galbraith, J. (2009). The predator state: How conservatives abandoned the free market and why liberals should too. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  4. Galbraith, J., Chemla, P., & Chemla, F. (2009). L’Etat prédateur: Comment la droite a renoncé au marché libre et pourquoi la gauche devrait en faire autant. Paris: Seuil.Google Scholar
  5. Lind, M. (2012). Land of promise: An economic history of the United States. New York: Harper.Google Scholar
  6. Piketty, T. (2013). Le capital au XXIème siècle. Paris: Seuil.Google Scholar
  7. Saez, E., & Veall, M. (2005). The evolution of high incomes in Northern America: Lessons from Canadian evidence. American Economic Review, 95(3), 831–849.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Todd, E. (2003). Après L’Empire: Essai sur la Décomposition du Système Américain. Paris: fimard.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut National d’Etudes DémographiquesParisFrance

Personalised recommendations