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Social Environment Analysis Regarding Arsenic-Contaminated Drinking Water in Bangladesh

  • Yosuke Fukushima
  • Yoshimi Hagihara
  • Kiyoko HagiharaEmail author
Part of the New Frontiers in Regional Science: Asian Perspectives book series (NFRSASIPER, volume 4)

Abstract

Arsenic contamination of drinking water has long been a serious problem in Bangladesh. Many foreign institutions have provided support to Bangladesh in terms of constructing arsenic-free wells, providing arsenic removal equipments and so forth. However, most of them are not accepted by local residents because they cannot understand how to maintain the equipments or their effectiveness for reducing arsenic contamination. Furthermore, they find certain equipment is too inconvenient to use in their daily lives. A survey was conducted in two villages in Bangladesh in order to define the relationship between arsenic contamination in drinking water and their social environment. First, we attempt to analyse residents’ satisfaction with the drinking water available to them. Second, we introduce the unhappiness function in our model and finally, we identify alternatives acceptable to the residents by devising a structural model addressing distrust of external support.

Keywords

Arsenic contamination Drinking water Acceptability Unhappiness function MIMIC model 

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yosuke Fukushima
    • 1
  • Yoshimi Hagihara
    • 2
  • Kiyoko Hagihara
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  3. 3.School of SociologyBukkyo UniversityKyotoJapan

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