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Evaluation of the Vulnerability of Municipal Water Infrastructure

  • Chisato AsahiEmail author
  • Kiyoko Hagihara
Part of the New Frontiers in Regional Science: Asian Perspectives book series (NFRSASIPER, volume 4)

Abstract

In this chapter, we examine the welfare effects and their measurement of social overhead capital on a household. In Japan, the decline of population and the structural straits of public finance give rise to difficulties in maintenance and replacement of social overhead capital that have been invested through the period of high economic growth and the following period of the fiscal stimulus over 1990s. The importance of the basic service provided by the infrastructure service, such as public utility service or flood control, is however increasing because of transformation of regional structure caused by population decrease and continually concern for disaster. In order to solve the trade-off between the capacity limit of new public investment and the increasing needs for safety of life provided by social overhead capital, we show a model of welfare evaluation of vulnerability handled by the infrastructure and examine it in case of municipal water supply. First, we show the welfare evaluation model for vulnerability that household face. Second, the welfare measurement of vulnerability is developed especially in the view of theoretically appropriateness of welfare measurement. Third, preliminary inspections show the validity of the application of the model and some required conditions for evaluation.

Keywords

Vulnerability Risk management Welfare measurement Social overhead capital Municipalwatersupply 

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Urban Policy, Faculty of Urban Liberal ArtsTokyo Metropolitan UniversityHachioji, TokyoJapan
  2. 2.School of SociologyBukkyo UniversityKyotoJapan

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