The Role of Community Social Protection in Natural Disaster Risk Management in Cambodia

  • Sann Vathana
  • Sothea Oum
  • Ponhrith Kan
  • Colas Chervier
Part of the Risk, Governance and Society book series (RISKGOSO, volume 18)


The poor and vulnerable in rural areas of Cambodia face a pattern of risks from natural disaster that poses an increasing threat to their livelihoods. One third of the past 3 years has been taken up either with flooding or with drought with the drought periods were more prolonged than the floods. The damage caused by flood and drought was comparable, although the flood of 2011 was the most extensive of the disasters. This chapter illuminates the impact of disasters and the social protection interventions on household welfare. It addresses the entitlement failure of poor and vulnerable people suffering from the impacts of flood and drought. We suggest designing community-level social protection interventions to emphasize ex-ante instruments rather than the ex post response to natural disasters through emergency assistance and relief. Cash transfers programs provide direct assistance in the form of cash to the poor. Ex-ante cash transfer programs can play a crucial role in encouraging poor households to invest in business rather than spending on food. Microfinance schemes can also help ex-ante income diversification that can bolster households against widespread natural disasters.


Natural Disaster Poor Household Social Protection Reduce Disaster Risk Disaster Risk Management 
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Copyright information

© Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sann Vathana
    • 1
  • Sothea Oum
    • 2
  • Ponhrith Kan
    • 1
  • Colas Chervier
    • 1
  1. 1.Council for Agricultural and Rural DevelopmentSocial Protection Coordination Unit (CARD-SPCU)Phnom PenhCambodia
  2. 2.Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East-AsiaJakartaIndonesia

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