Impacts from and State Responses to Natural Disasters in the Philippines
This study quantitatively and qualitatively analyzes the impacts of natural disasters on agriculture, food security and the natural resources and environment in the Philippines and uncovers a number of findings. Typhoons, floods and droughts have an insignificant impact on overall agricultural production at the national level, yet typhoons may have a significant negative impact on paddy rice production at the provincial level. Further, typhoons, as exemplified by Ondoy and Pepeng in 2009, have a significant negative impact on the food security of the households in the affected areas. Households have varying consumption and non-consumption strategies to cope with the impacts of typhoons. The different impacts of typhoons, floods and droughts on the natural resources and environment have not been quantitatively assessed in detail, however available evidence suggests that these are also substantial. This chapter recommends that assistance for rice farmers and the agriculture sector as a whole should be made more site-specific, zeroing in on the affected areas that actually need it. Finally, those assisting affected households and areas should consider not only consumption strategies but also non-consumption strategies, such as the provision of post-disaster emergency employment.
KeywordsCoral Reef Food Security Soil Erosion Natural Disaster Provincial Level
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