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General Introduction

  • Kohei MiyataEmail author
Chapter
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Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Abstract

The luminescence properties of rare-earth compounds have been fascinating many researchers for decades. Attractive features of luminescent lanthanide compounds are their line-like emission, which results in a high color purity of the emitted light. The trivalent ions of the lanthanide series are characterized by a gradual filling of the 4f orbitals, from 4f0 to 4f14. Several lanthanide ions show luminescence in the visible or near-infrared spectral regions upon irradiation with ultraviolet radiation. The color of the emitted light depends on the lanthanide ion. For instance, Eu(III) emits red light, Tb(III) green light, Sm(III) orange light, and Tm(III) blue light. Yb(III), Nd(III), and Er(III) are well-known for their near-infrared luminescence. Therefore, lanthanide(III) compounds are the popular luminescent materials for application in EL device, fluorescent light, optical fiber, laser, bio-sensing, and so on.

Keywords

Luminescence Molecular design Small off-set Vibrational relaxation 

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© Springer Japan 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ADEKA CorporationTokyoJapan

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