Advertisement

Anthropology of Administration’s Approach to the Study of Management Philosophy as “Spiritual Capital”

  • Noriya Sumihara
Part of the Translational Systems Sciences book series (TSS, volume 4)

Abstract

Business people are becoming increasingly aware of the importance of management philosophies as a core tool of corporate integrity and governance.

This paper provides a new perspective on management philosophies by briefly reviewing how they have been practiced and studied in Japan. This review demonstrates the importance of examining management philosophies ontologically—by focusing on the dynamic interactions between management philosophies and daily corporate practices—because a management philosophy exists only insofar as it is interpreted and reinterpreted during its application to those practices. This paper argues that a management philosophy embodies a “spiritual capital” that influences how firm assets such as funds, materials, and human resources are used.

Keywords

Corporate Governance Management Philosophy Tata Group Business Philosophy Japanese Corporation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Abbeglen J (1958) The Japanese factory: aspects of its social organization. MIT Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  2. Adachi M (1974) Shinise no kakun to kagyō keiei (The family precepts of the long-established store and family business management) (in Japanese). Hiroike Gakuen Jigyōbu, KashiwaGoogle Scholar
  3. Bellah R (1957/1985) Tokugawa religion: the value of preindustrial Japan. The New Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  4. Damasio A (1994) Descarte’s error: emotion, reason, and the human brain. G.P. Putnam, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Giddens A (1979) Central problems in social theory: action, structure and contradiction in social analysis. University of California Press, Los AngelesGoogle Scholar
  6. Hazama H (1963) Nihonteki keiei no keifu (Genealogy of Japanese management) (in Japanese). Nihon Nōritsu Kyōkai, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  7. Imori R et al (1976) Keiei rinen no shakaigakuteki kenkyū (A sociological study of management philosophy) (in Japanese). Kōyōshobō, KyotoGoogle Scholar
  8. Iwai H (2008) Jissen no bani okeru rinen—Olfa kabushiki kaisha (Philosophy in practice—Olfa Corporation) (in Japanese). In: Sumihara N et al (ed) Keiei rinen: keishō to denpa no keiei jinruigaku teki kenkyū (Management philosophy: anthropological studies of succession and diffusion) PHP, Tokyo, pp 97–122Google Scholar
  9. Kawakita T (1956) Beikoku ni okeru kigyō keiei no rinen to jissai (Management philosophy and practice of corporations in the USA) (in Japanese). Private PublicationGoogle Scholar
  10. Kitai A, Matsuda R (2004) Nihon kigyō ni okeru rinen shintō katsudō to sono kōka (Permeating practices of management philosophy and their effects in Japanese corporations) (in Japanese). In: Kagono T (ed) Nihon kigyō no senryaku infura no henbō (Transformation of strategic infrastructure in Japanese corporations). Hakutō Shobō, Tokyo, pp 93–121Google Scholar
  11. Lala RM (1981) The creation of wealth: the Tata story. Penguin, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  12. Lala RM (2004) For the love of India: the life and times of Jamsetji Tata. Penguin, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  13. Matsushita K (1986) Watashi no ikikata kangaekata (My way of going and thinking) (in Japanese). PHP Bunko, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  14. Mito T (1991) Ie no ronri: nihonteki keiei no seiritsu 1/2 (The theory of ie: the formation of the Japanese management, vols 1 & 2) (in Japanese). Bunshindō, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  15. Mitsui I (ed) (2013) Asia-kigyō no keiei rinen: seisei, denpa, keishō no dainamizumu (Management philosophies of Asian companies: the dynamism of genesis, diffusion, and succession) (in Japanese). Bunshindō, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  16. Mizuyachi T (1992) Nihonkigyō no keiei rinen (Management philosophy of the Japanese company) (in Japanese). Dōbunkan, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  17. Nakagawa K (1962) Jamusetoji N. Tata (Jamsetji N. Tata) (in Japanese). In: Okakura K (ed) Sekai no tomi no Shihaisha 9: 20 seiki wo ugokashita hitobito (The rulers of world wealth vol 9: people who led the 20th century). Kōdansha, Tokyo, pp 255–332Google Scholar
  18. Nakagawa K (1970) Kaisetsu (Introduction) (in Japanese). In: Nakagawa K et al (eds) Keiei tetsugaku/keiei rinen <Shōwa hen> (Management philosophy/management principles <the Shōwa Era>). Daiyamondosha, Tokyo, pp 3–30Google Scholar
  19. Nakanishi T et al (1965) Gendai ni okeru keiei no rinen to tokushitsu (Today’s management philosophy and its characteristic). Nihon Seisansei Honbu, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  20. Nihon Keizai Shinbunsha (2010) 200nen kigyō (Corporations with over 200 years of history) (in Japanese). Nikkei Bijinesujin Bunko, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  21. Rima SD (2013) Spiritual Capital: a moral code for social and economic justice. Gower, FarnhamGoogle Scholar
  22. Shibusawa E (2008) Rongo and soroban (The analects of Confucius and abacus). Kadokawa Sofia Bunko, Tokyo. Original Edition: Shibusawa (1916) Rongo to soroban (in Japanese) (descrip Kajiyama A), Tōa-shobō, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  23. Shiozawa Y, Sumihara N (2014) Tenrikyō shinkō to kigyō keiei no hazama de mietekurumono—jigyō wa sontoku de kangaerumono dewanaku zen’aku de kangaeru (What was found between Tenrikyo faith and corporate management—business enterprise should be based on morals, not profit and loss). In: Sumihara (ed) Keiei to shūkyō: meta-rinen no shosō (Management and religion: aspects of meta-philosophy) (in Japanese). Tōhō Shuppan, Osaka, pp 114–143Google Scholar
  24. Sumihara N (2011) Keiei rinen no keishō: Tata consultancy services (Succession of management philosophy of Tata consultancy services) (in Japanese). PHP Bus Rev 49:62–87Google Scholar
  25. Sumihara N (2012) Seishinzai to shite harano sokoni otoshi kome: Jinruigaku kara kangaeru rinen keishō no hinto (To be determined to put spiritual treasure at the bottom of your heart: a clue to the succession of philosophy from an anthropological perspective) (in Japanese). PHP Business Review: Matsushita Konosuke Juku 7:47–52Google Scholar
  26. Sumihara N (2013) “Hōkatsuteki gōrishugi” no moderu toshiteno keiei rinen: Tata consultancy services no rinen keishō to denpa (Tata consultancy services’ management philosophy as “comprehensive rationalism”) (in Japanese). In: Mitsui I (ed) Asia-kigyō no keieirinen: seisei denpa keishō no dynamism (Management philosophy of Asian companies: dynamism of creation, diffusion, and succession). Bunsindō, Tokyo, pp 251–277Google Scholar
  27. Sumihara N (2014a) “Meta-rinen,” “seishinzai,” shūkyō to keiei(sha) no kankei no shōruikei (“Meta-philosophy,” “spiritual capital,” and types of relationships between religion and management) (in Japanese). In: Sumihara N (ed) Keiei to shūkyō: meta-rinen no shosō (Management and religion: aspects of meta-philosophy). Tōhō Shuppan, Osaka, pp 17–40Google Scholar
  28. Sumihara N (2014b) Zoroasutā kyōto no tsukutta indo no kyodai zaibatsu: Tata gurūpu no keiei rinen ni mirareru “hōkatsuteki gōrishugi” no seishin (A huge combine of India established by Zoroastrians: the spirit of “comprehensive rationalism” observed in the management philosophy of the Tata group) (in Japanese). In: Sumihara N (ed) Keiei to shūkyū: meta-rinen no shoso (Management and religion: aspects of meta-philosophy). Tōhō Shuppan, Osaka, pp 189–221Google Scholar
  29. Sumihara N et al (2008) Keiei rinen: keishō to denpa no keiei jinruigaku teki kenkyū (Management philosophy: anthropological studies of succession and diffusion) (in Japanese). PHP, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  30. Tamura K (1965) Wagakuni ni okeru kaisha no keiei shinjō to sono tokushitsu (Management principle of the Japanese company and its characteristic) (in Japanese). In: Hon’iden Y (ed) Shin kigyō genri no kenkyū (A study of new corporate principle). Zaidan Hōjin Seimeikai, Tokyo, pp 291–341Google Scholar
  31. Tata Group (2014a) Values and purpose—governance—Tata group. http://www.tata.com/aboutus/articlesinside/Values-and-purpose. Accessed 3 Oct 2014
  32. Tata Group (2014b) Tata code of conduct—governance—Tata group. http://www.tata.com/aboutus/articlesinside/Tata-Code-of-Conduct. Accessed 3 Oct 2014
  33. Yamashiro A (ed) (1969) Genmdai no keiei rinen (Management philosophy today) (in Japanese). Hakutō Shobō, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  34. Yoshino MY (1968) Japan’s managerial system: tradition and innovation. MIT Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  35. Yui T (1985) Keiei rinen (Management philosophy) (in Japanese). In: Business History Society of Japan (ed) Keiei shigaku no nijū-nen: kaiko to tenbō (Twenty years of Business History Society of Japan: a review and prospect). University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo, pp 100–105Google Scholar
  36. Zohar D, Marshall I (2004) Spiritual capital: wealth we can live by. Berrett-Koehler, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tenri UniversityTenriJapan

Personalised recommendations