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Liquid Crystalline Materials

  • Katsumi Yoshino
  • Hideo Takezoe
  • Takashi Kato
  • Junji Watanabe
  • Kazuo Akagi
  • Isa Nishiyama
Chapter

Abstract

During the development of liquid crystals there was an ongoing discussion if ferroelectricity could exist in LC materials. Until then, ferroelectricity only existed in solids with a specific crystal structure having no inversion symmetry center. Ferroelectricity was considered to be impossible in gases or liquids, but since liquid crystals have a regularity to some extent, the expression of a ferroelectric liquid in the liquid crystal was expected. In fact, there have been measurements of pulses of electric current in liquid crystals when applying the polarity inversion pulse voltage, which were similar to the currents observed in association with spontaneous polarization reversal of a ferroelectric to the liquid crystal, but this effect is not due to ferroelectricity. Meanwhile, the liquid crystal DOBAMBC showing the ferroelectric smectic C phase was reported by Meyer et al. in 1975 (J. De Phys. (Paris) 36:L-69, 1975).

Keywords

Liquid Crystal Nematic Liquid Crystal Spontaneous Polarization Nematic Phase Liquid Crystal Phase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katsumi Yoshino
    • 1
  • Hideo Takezoe
    • 2
  • Takashi Kato
    • 3
  • Junji Watanabe
    • 2
  • Kazuo Akagi
    • 4
  • Isa Nishiyama
    • 5
  1. 1.Shimane Institute for Industrial TechnologyMatsueJapan
  2. 2.Tokyo Institute of TechnologyTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, School of EngineeringThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Department of Polymer ChemistryKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  5. 5.DIC CorporationSaitamaJapan

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