Can Satoyama Offer a Realistic Solution for a Low Carbon Society? Public Perception and Challenges Arising
This chapter aims to analyze public perception in Japan of rural landscapes, known as Satoyama, and to investigate the possible future role of Satoyama in relationship to the development of a low carbon society in Japan. The data used were from the survey “The Top 100 Japanese Rural Landscapes” conducted by one of the biggest newspaper companies in Japan in 2008 and an additional questionnaire survey conducted in 2010.
The results indicated people’s detachment from the productive activities associated with rural landscapes, and their association of it instead with new values particularly related to cultural services such as the beauty of landscapes, and provision of places with a sense of traditional living, where one can be in touch with nature and with a sense of seasons and history.
The main reasons people could not move to rural areas were jobs, money, houses, or lack of human connection to rural areas. For Satoyama to play a realistic role in the development of a low carbon society, these challenges would have to be overcome.
KeywordsCultural service Ecosystem service Low carbon society Public perception Rural landscapes Satoyama Text analysis
This research is partly supported by Environment Research and Technology Development Fund, E-0902 “Ecosystem Services Assessment of Satoyama, Satochi and Satoumi to Identify New Commons for Nature-Harmonious Society” (Project Leader: Masataka Watanabe).
- Forests Culture Association (2009) Sato no kachi saihakken- Nihon no sato 100 sen ichiran (Re-discovering the value of Sato – list of Japanese top 100 rural landscape). In: Kankyo K (ed) 2009 Seibutsutayosei no Nihon. Asahi Shimbun, Tokyo, pp 120–127 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
- Millenium Ecosystem Assessment (2005) Ecosystem and human well-being: general synthesis. Island Press, Washington, DC, pp 54–60Google Scholar
- Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (2010) Annual report on food, agriculture and rural communities (Syokuryo Nogyo Noson Hakusyo) (in Japanese)Google Scholar
- Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (2010) Annual report on assessment of labor economy (Rodo Keizai no Bunseki) (In Japanese)Google Scholar
- Nature Conservation Bureau, Ministry of the Environment Government of Japan (2004) Satochi-Satoyama, the old and new, the closest nature. Official pamphlet, Ministry of the Environment Government of Japan, Tokyo (in Japanese)Google Scholar
- National Land Information Office (1981) Web-based digital national geographical data. http://nlftp.mlit.go.jp/ksj/
- National Land Information Office (1997) Web-based digital national geographical data. http://nlftp.mlit.go.jp/ksj/
- National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), Kyoto University, Ritsumeikan University, and Mizuho Information and Research Institute (“2050 Japan Low-Carbon Society” scenario team) (2008) Japan scenarios and actions towards low-carbon societies (LCSs), Global Environmental Research Fund (GERF/S-3-1), Japan–UK Joint Research Project “a sustainable low-carbon society (LCS)”. http://2050.nies.go.jp/LCS/jpn/japan.html. Accessed Mar 2014
- Onishi T, Kobayashi H (2011) Low carbon cities: the future of urban planning. Gakugei Shuppansha, KyotoGoogle Scholar
- SPSS Inc (2007) SPSS ver. 16.0 for Japanese. SPSS, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
- Takemoto K (2011) Measures to address climate change in Japan and overseas. In: Low carbon cities: the future of urban planning. Gakugei Shuppansha, Kyoto, pp 33–58Google Scholar
- Washitani I (2004) Shizensaisei; Jizokukanou na seitaikei no tameni (Nature rehabilitation; for sustainable ecosystems). Chuokoronshinsya, Tokyo (in Japanese)Google Scholar