Optimal Allocation of Resources

  • Takashi Negishi
Part of the Advances in Japanese Business and Economics book series (AJBE, volume 5)


Up to now we have been concerned with the description and the analysis of how a market economy, composed of consumers and firms, actually behaves to allocate resources to produce products and to distribute incomes to be spent on them. Our study aims, of course, to consider basic principles of an abstract economy under ideal conditions rather than to describe the details of actual economies. However abstract it is, nevertheless, what we have studied is to be called the positive economics, since it is ultimately to be judged by facts. Ideal or perfect conditions are assumed merely from the point of view of the simplification of the consideration, and not meant to be desirable from some ethical point of view. Theory of perfect competition is, therefore, similar to the law of motion in vacuum.


Marginal Utility Marginal Rate Pareto Optimality Competitive Equilibrium Indifference Curve 

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takashi Negishi
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.The Japan AcademyTokyoJapan
  2. 2.The University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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