Disaster Impact

  • Ralf Bebenroth
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Business book series (BRIEFSBUSINESS)


This empirical study investigates the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 11th, 2011 and its impact on German firms located in the Kanto area. It becomes evident that German firms were negatively impacted immediately after the disaster. More than half of all Japan based German firms either closed their offices or relocated to other parts of Japan. In addition, many of the firms reported a high fluctuation in the number of their classic expatriates, short-term visitors, and locally hired non-Japanese. However, 1 year after the disaster, Japan based German subsidiaries have largely recovered. All of the participants stated that they now operate “as normal.” Also, they no longer find it difficult to attract people to Japan.


Foreign Firm German Firm Housing Allowance Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster Impact 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Ralf Bebenroth 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ralf Bebenroth
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Institute for Economics and Business AdministrationKobe UniversityKobeJapan
  2. 2.Asia Africa Institute on sabbatical leaveHamburg UniversityHamburgGermany

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