Marshall and Offer Curve

  • Takashi Negishi
  • Takashi Negishi
Part of the Advances in Japanese Business and Economics book series (AJBE, volume 2)


The marginal revolution against the classical economics is often attributed to W. S. Jevons, C. Menger, and L. Walras, who published their works in 1870s. From the point of view of international trade theory, however, we may also add the name of A. Marshall, though his Principles of Economics was published in 1890. As a matter of fact, his early tracts on The pure theory of foreign trade and The pure theory of domestic value are both dated 1879. Marshall reworked some of the theories of J. S. Mill into rigorous diagrams, which includes, among others, those of Marshallian offer curves to study the equilibrium terms of trade in a two-commodity two-country model. Marshall introduced the graphic apparatus of offer curves, though he did not show how they are derived from the underlying demand and production. It was left for later day’s economists, for example, Meade (1952), who skillfully derived offer curves by the use of trade indifference curves.


Offer Curve Indifference and transformation curves Trade indifference curves 


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takashi Negishi
    • 1
  • Takashi Negishi
    • 2
  1. 1.The Japan AcademyTokyoJapan
  2. 2.The University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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