Low Density Lipoprotein Apheresis



  • Therapeutic plasma exchange volume is usually 3–5 L/session.

  • Removal of positively charged particles as well as low density lipoprotein cholesterol improves focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and peripheral arterial disease.

  • Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors should be discontinued at least 2–3 days prior to low density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis.

  • LDL apheresis should be performed with careful attention to its promotion of bleeding tendencies because of the adsorption of endogenous coagulation factors.


Peripheral Arterial Disease Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor Familial Hypercholesterolemia Critical Limb Ischemia Familial Hypercholesterolemia 
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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Nephrology and EndocrinologyUniversity Hospital, The University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Emergency and Critical Care MedicineUniversity Hospital, The University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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