Methods to Remove Pathogens

  • Tamami Tanaka
  • Osamu Ichimura
  • Yugo Nagae
  • Nobuhiro Sakuma


  • Membrane fractionation is the main technique used to separate pathogens in apheresis therapy.

  • Molecules are separated by the pore size of the membrane’s surface.

  • Because pathogens and water are removed, substitution fluid is generally necessary.


Hepatic Encephalopathy Membrane Fractionation Plasma Exchange Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Plasma Component 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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    Kaneko I (2004) Ketuekijokaryoho handbook, Kyodo Isho Shuppan,Tokyo, pp 6–7Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tamami Tanaka
    • 1
    • 2
  • Osamu Ichimura
    • 3
  • Yugo Nagae
    • 3
  • Nobuhiro Sakuma
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Hemodialysis and ApheresisUniversity Hospital, The University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Kitasenju Higashiguchi Kidney ClinicTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Department of Medical EngineeringUniversity Hospital, The University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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