Poverty and Food Security
Different organisations, authors and researchers have defined food security differently. In general, the food security refers to availability and affordability of food. An individual or a household is said to be secure in food when they have access to sufficient and quality food at all times: have physical and economic access to enough safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs. The UN Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) defined food-security as having physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet dietary needs, while the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) defined food security of a household as all household members having access at all times to enough food for an active and healthy life, which means that every individual should have entitlement to food at all times. Thus entitlement and safety are intrinsic elements of food security. More specifically, it includes three important elements: ready availability of nutritionally adequate and safe food; affordability of socially acceptable food; and thirdly the utilization of food. In wider terms, the food need to be prepared in such a way as to help people grow and develop normally.