Housing and Household Facilities

  • Motiur Rahman
  • Noriatsu Matsui
  • Yukio Ikemoto


Household welfare depends on many factors other than income or consumption expenditures. Improvement of these is important for well-being and social prestige. These factors may also be correlated with consumption. Households with higher consumption expenditure are likely to have better housing, electricity connection, hygienic sanitation facilities and safe drinking water. The quality of physical structure of the house not only reflects the social position of its owner in the community but is also an indicator of household members’ exposure to disease and sufferings. Good quality physical structure of houses may give a better picture of long-term living standards than an income snapshot because it has reflect a result of accumulated asset over time and last longer.


Poor Household Electricity Connection Safe Drinking Water Toilet Facility Corrugate Iron 


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  3. Talk International (2004) Dirty water and poor sanitation kills over 5,000 children every day. World water day to focus on water and disasters. www.talkinternational.com
  4. World Bank (2002) Poverty in Bangladesh: building on progress. World Bank, Washington, Report No. 24299-BDGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Motiur Rahman
    • 1
  • Noriatsu Matsui
    • 2
  • Yukio Ikemoto
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Statistical Research and TrainingUniversity of DhakaDhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.Faculty of EconomicsTeikyo UniversityHachioji, TokyoJapan
  3. 3.Institute for Advanced Studies on AsiaThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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