Housing and Household Facilities

  • Motiur Rahman
  • Noriatsu Matsui
  • Yukio Ikemoto


Household welfare depends on many factors other than income or consumption expenditures. Improvement of these is important for well-being and social prestige. These factors may also be correlated with consumption. Households with higher consumption expenditure are likely to have better housing, electricity connection, hygienic sanitation facilities and safe drinking water. The quality of physical structure of the house not only reflects the social position of its owner in the community but is also an indicator of household members’ exposure to disease and sufferings. Good quality physical structure of houses may give a better picture of long-term living standards than an income snapshot because it has reflect a result of accumulated asset over time and last longer.


Poor Household Electricity Connection Safe Drinking Water Toilet Facility Corrugate Iron 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (2010) Preliminary report on household income and expenditure survey 2010. BBS, Ministry of Planning, DhakaGoogle Scholar
  2. Moser C, Felton A (2009) The construction of an asset index: measuring asset accumulation in Ecuador. In: Addison T, Hulme D, Kanbur R (eds) Poverty dynamics: interdisciplinary perspective. Oxford University Press, Oxford (this work is our reference to the polychoric principal component analysis. The polychoric PCA is used since its coefficient shows how much information it provides the coefficient on any variable that is related to the other variables. See our chapter 4 and chapter 10)Google Scholar
  3. Talk International (2004) Dirty water and poor sanitation kills over 5,000 children every day. World water day to focus on water and disasters.
  4. World Bank (2002) Poverty in Bangladesh: building on progress. World Bank, Washington, Report No. 24299-BDGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Motiur Rahman
    • 1
  • Noriatsu Matsui
    • 2
  • Yukio Ikemoto
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Statistical Research and TrainingUniversity of DhakaDhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.Faculty of EconomicsTeikyo UniversityHachioji, TokyoJapan
  3. 3.Institute for Advanced Studies on AsiaThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations