Population, Household Characteristics and Poverty

  • Motiur Rahman
  • Noriatsu Matsui
  • Yukio Ikemoto


There are numerous characteristics that poverty might be associated with, classified by regional, sector-specific, community, household and individual. Poverty is high in isolated areas of low rainfall, floods, and other inhospitable climatic conditions. There is a variety of community level characteristics that affect poverty, among which communication and other basic infrastructure are significant. The basic infrastructure generally includes proximity to paved roads, to large markets, whether or not the community has electricity, primary schools, medical clinics, NGO office, a bank, cooperative, and development project offices. At the household and individual level characteristics such as age structure of household members, sex composition, gender of the household head, and extent of participation in the labor force matter to poverty. In this chapter we shall not discuss regional, community or sectoral characteristics but demographic characteristics of sample households will be discussed in detail. The demographic characteristics of the households may be divided into three categories; (1) household size and structure, (2) dependency ratio and sex ratio, and (3) gender of the household heads.


Household Member Household Head Household Size Poor Household Dependency Ratio 
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  1. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (2009) Report on welfare monitoring survey 2009. BBS, Ministry of Planning, DhakaGoogle Scholar
  2. Schiller BR (2008) The economics of poverty and discrimination, 10th edn. Pearson-Prentice Hall, Pearson Education, Bergen (this book discusses mainly poverty and discrimination in the U.S. It provides with measures and conceptual consistency as well as poverty situation in the world)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Motiur Rahman
    • 1
  • Noriatsu Matsui
    • 2
  • Yukio Ikemoto
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Statistical Research and TrainingUniversity of DhakaDhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.Faculty of EconomicsTeikyo UniversityHachioji, TokyoJapan
  3. 3.Institute for Advanced Studies on AsiaThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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