Participatory Approach for Understanding Poverty Dynamics

  • Motiur Rahman
  • Noriatsu Matsui
  • Yukio Ikemoto


Despite the long history and accumulation of poverty study, it is difficult to say how many people were born in poor family and how many people were born in rich family in any country. It is difficult to identify who and how many people have become poor and how many formerly poor people have escaped from poverty within their lifetime. It is also difficult to identify reasons why only some poor succeeded in moving out of poverty and why some others falling into poverty. Thus, poverty has to be studied in dynamic sense. For that it is important to understand reasons for people to move out and fall into poverty (Krishna 2009). Keeping that in mind focus group discussions were conducted with groups of rural people. The focus group discussion (FGD) is a participatory approach that relies on community perception of poverty at household level. The overall perception regarding poverty status of households in the community is assessed, and explanation is sought for changes in poverty status over time. This approach has been used in order to have in-depth information about people’s poverty situation and about inadequacies, indignities and sufferings commonly experienced by the poor.


Economic Condition Focus Group Discussion Poor People Survey Area Rural People 
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  1. Krishna A (2009) Subjective assessments, participatory methods, and poverty dynamics (the stages of progress method). In: Addison T, Hume D, Kanbur R (eds) Poverty dynamics: interdisciplinary perspectives. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Motiur Rahman
    • 1
  • Noriatsu Matsui
    • 2
  • Yukio Ikemoto
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Statistical Research and TrainingUniversity of DhakaDhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.Faculty of EconomicsTeikyo UniversityHachioji, TokyoJapan
  3. 3.Institute for Advanced Studies on AsiaThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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