• Motiur Rahman
  • Noriatsu Matsui
  • Yukio Ikemoto


Development efforts of the Bangladeshi government since independence in 1971 have emphasised poverty reduction through economic growth, employment generation and the provision of social services. The UN Millennium Development Goals include halving the proportion of poor people in Bangladesh between 1990 and 2015. This necessitates reducing the proportion of poor from 56.6 % in 1990/1991 to 29 % by 2015. Although the commitment of the government to poverty reduction is strong, the development efforts did not meet set goals and about 40 % of the country’s population still lives in poverty.


Social Capital Food Insecurity Poverty Line Markov Chain Model Poverty Dynamic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Addison T, Hume D, Kanbur R (2009) Poverty dynamics: measurement and understanding from an interdisciplinary perspective. In: Addison T, Hume D, Kanbur R (eds) Poverty dynamics: interdisciplinary perspective. Oxford University Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Attwood DW (1979) Why some of the poor get richer: economic change and mobility in rural west India. Current Anthropology 20(3):495–516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bane MJ, Ellwood DT (1986) Slipping into and out of poverty: the dynamics of spells. Journal of Human Resource 21(1):1–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barret C, Reardon T, Webb P (2001) Nonfarm income diversification and household livelihood strategies in rural Africa: concepts, dynamics and policy implications. Food Policy 26:315–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Baulch B, Hoddinott J (2000) Economic mobility and poverty dynamics in developing countries. Frank Cass, LondonGoogle Scholar
  6. Bigsten A, Shimeles A (2004) The dynamics of poverty in Ethiopia. WIDER Research Paper No. 39Google Scholar
  7. Bird K, Shinkeya I (2003) Multiple shocks and downward mobility: learning from the life histories of rural Ugandans. Chronic Poverty Research Centre, Manchester, CPRC, Working Paper 36Google Scholar
  8. Dercon S, Krishnan P (2000) Vulnerability, seasonality and poverty in Ethiopia. Journal of Development Studies 36(6):25–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Government of Bangladesh (2008) Moving ahead: national strategy for accelerated poverty reduction II (FY 2009–11). General Economic Division, Planning Commission, Government of Bangladesh, DhakaGoogle Scholar
  10. Lawson D, McKay A, Okidi J (2003) Poverty persistence and transitions in Uganda: a combined qualitative and quantitative analysis. Chronic Poverty Research Centre, Manchester, CPRC, Working Paper 38Google Scholar
  11. Rahman PMM, Matsui N, Ikemoto Y (2009) The chronically poor in rural Bangladesh: livelihood constraints and capabilities. Routledge, UK (this work is the direct predecessor of current book which shows the result of 2004 survey of 1,282 households in rural Bangladesh)Google Scholar
  12. Shorrocks AF (1978a) Income inequality and income mobility. Journal of Economic Theory 19:376–393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Shorrocks AF (1978b) The measurement of mobility. Econometrica 46:1013–1024CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Swanepoel C (2005) Poverty and poverty dynamics in rural Ethiopia. Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch Economic Working Paper 3Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Motiur Rahman
    • 1
  • Noriatsu Matsui
    • 2
  • Yukio Ikemoto
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Statistical Research and TrainingUniversity of DhakaDhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.Faculty of EconomicsTeikyo UniversityHachioji, TokyoJapan
  3. 3.Institute for Advanced Studies on AsiaThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations