Hilbert Space Decomposition for Coulomb Blockade in Fabry–Pérot Interferometers
We show how to construct the thermodynamic grand potential of a droplet of incompressible fractional quantum Hall liquid, formed inside of an electronic Fabry–Pérot interferometer, in terms of the conformal field theory disk partition function for the edge states in presence of Aharonov–Bohm flux. To this end we analyze in detail the algebraic structure of the edge states’ Hilbert space and identify the effect of the variation of the flux. This allows us to compute, in the linear response approximation, all thermodynamic properties of the conductance in the regime when the Coulomb blockade is softly lifted by the change of the magnetic flux due to the weak coupling between the droplet and the two quantum point contacts.
KeywordsPartition Function Filling Factor Operator Product Expansion Topological Charge Conformal Field Theory
I would like to thank Andrea Cappelli, Guillermo Zemba, Ady Stern, Pasquale Sodano and Reinhold Egger for many useful discussions as well as INFN-Firenze and the Galileo Galilei Institute for Theoretical Physics for hospitality and support. The author has been supported as a Research Fellow by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation as well as by ESF and by the Bulgarian NSF grant DO 02-257.
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