• Yoshinori Nishida


Metal matrix composites are discussed fundamentally from the micro- and macroscopic viewpoints. A composite consists of matrix material and dispersoids such as fibers or particles. These constituent materials have their own microstructure, properties and shapes, even in the composite. These materials contact one another at their interfaces. The microscopic structure of the composite is quite different from the structures of alloys and intermetallic compounds, which are atomic-level mixtures. The fundamentals needed to understand interfaces within composites, including the formation energies of interfaces and surfaces, wettability, and contact angles are discussed in this chapter. The classification of composites is described, and the characteristic features of metal matrix composites are compared to those of other composites. Images of typical commercial metal matrix composite products are also shown in this chapter. Darcy’s law is introduced, because it is needed to understand the phenomena which occur during the fabrication of metal matrix composites.


Contact Angle Interface Energy Metal Matrix Composite Constituent Material Squeeze Casting 
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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshinori Nishida
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)NagoyaJapan

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