Control System Basics and PID Control

  • Katsuo Suzuki
Part of the An Advanced Course in Nuclear Engineering book series (ACNE)


The first automatic control system is said to be the governor (a speed regulator) for the steam engine, invented by James Watt. The speed regulator enabled the steam engine to be used as a practical power source, starting the industrial revolution. “Control” is defined as “adding required operation to an object so that it can be adapted for a certain purpose” (JIS automatic control terms). Control can be divided into two main categories: automatic and manual. Automatic control is divided into feedback control, feed-forward control, sequential control, and others. Automatic control can be implemented by control systems among which single-variable control systems (single-input, single-output systems) are one type.


Transfer Function Control Object Feedback Control System Derivative Action Manipulate Variable 
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Supplementary material


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katsuo Suzuki
    • 1
  1. 1.Japan Nuclear Energy Safety OrganizationTokyoJapan

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