Guidelines for Establishing Conservation Areas in Sustainable Forest Management: Developing Models to Understand Habitat Suitability for Orangutans

  • Masaaki Takyu
  • Hisashi Matsubayashi
  • Nobuhiko Wakamatsu
  • Etsuko Nakazono
  • Peter Lagan
  • Kanehiro Kitayama
Part of the Ecological Research Monographs book series (ECOLOGICAL)


Tropical production forests, although degraded, function as refuges for large mammals in Southeast Asia (Alcala et al. 2004; Ancrenaz et al. 2005; Iskandar et al. 2006; Venter et al. 2009) because strictly protected parks are rather limited in area. For example, in Sabah, Malaysia, 47 % of total land area remained forested in 2008, of which the majority was logged-over production forests (Sabah Forestry Department 2009). Consequently, more than 60 % of orangutans living in the state are found in such degraded production forests (Ancrenaz et al. 2005), clearly suggesting the importance of production forests as a habitat to maintain viable populations of critically endangered orangutans; this is also applicable to other endangered large mammals (see  Chap. 5). Therefore, management of modern production forests needs special attention to conserve viable populations of endangered mammals. Conservation strategies need to be incorporated to sustainable management planning, such as establishing conservation areas within or adjacent to the production forests (Lynam et al. 2007).


Conservation Area Sustainable Forest Management Decision Tree Model Forest Stewardship Council Nest Density 


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masaaki Takyu
    • 1
  • Hisashi Matsubayashi
    • 1
  • Nobuhiko Wakamatsu
    • 1
  • Etsuko Nakazono
    • 1
  • Peter Lagan
    • 2
  • Kanehiro Kitayama
    • 3
  1. 1.Tokyo University of AgricultureTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Sabah Forestry DepartmentForest Research CentreSandakanMalaysia
  3. 3.Laboratory of Forest Ecology, Graduate School of AgricultureKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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