The Application of Satellite Remote Sensing for Classifying Forest Degradation and Deriving Above-Ground Biomass Estimates

  • Andreas LangnerEmail author
  • Jupiri Titin
  • Kanehiro Kitayama
Part of the Ecological Research Monographs book series (ECOLOGICAL)


Forests are defined as areas that are covered with trees taller than 5 m in height and at least 10 % canopy cover, integrating both pristine forests and anthropogenic forest plantations. In the subtropical and tropical zones, a 10–40 % canopy cover defines an open canopy forest, and a 40–100 % canopy cover is classified as a closed canopy forest (FAO 2000a). Pristine forest ecosystems, especially in the tropics, are severely threatened by degradation and deforestation caused by human impact, whereby forest degradation is often a precursor for deforestation (Asner et al. 2005). Forest degradation is characterized by a significant reduction in tree density from closed to open or fragmented forests (Achard et al. 2004; DeFries et al. 2007). Deforestation, on the other hand, is described as the reduction of forest cover to less than 10 % (FAO 2000b; Mayaux et al. 2005).


Shuttle Radar Topography Mission Forest Reserve Tropical Rain Forest Forest Degradation Sustainable Forest Management 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Langner
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jupiri Titin
    • 2
  • Kanehiro Kitayama
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Forest Ecology, Graduate School of AgricultureKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Sabah Forestry DepartmentForest Research CentreSandakanMalaysia

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