Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service: Indicators of the Global Environment

  • Hidefumi Imura


The global climate system and biological diversity interact with each other to sustain the global ecosystem as one living entity. Global warming has serious impacts on the conversation of biodiversity as a result of changes it causes, such as warmer atmospheric and water temperatures, as well as changes in precipitation patterns and other parts of the hydrological cycle. The loss of tropical forests not only reduces biodiversity, but also has impacts on the global climate system. These issues are all interlinked and inseparable. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Convention on Biodiversity Conservation were both opened for signing in 1992 at the Earth Summit. Until now, it seems that climate change has attracted the attention of the world, but in the future, biotechnology and genetic engineering will become more important because of their connection with food, timber, biofuels, pharmaceuticals, and other products. When it comes to resources known as biodiversity, there are clear differences in the stances of developing countries that have rich genetic resources and developed countries which are interested in using them. This is the basis of a confrontational framework between countries that have the resources and countries that have the technologies.


Ecosystem Service Coral Reef Tropical Forest Genetic Resource Indigenous People 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hidefumi Imura
    • 1
  1. 1.Yokohama City UniversityYokohamaJapan

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