Rapidly enlarging, hard, immobile tumor, prominent dyspnea, and difficulty swallowing are indicative of anaplastic transformation of differentiated carcinoma. Anaplastic transformation can occur in metastatic lymph nodes and metastatic target organs.
Lymph Node Metastasis Thyroid Cancer Metastatic Lymph Node Differentiate Thyroid Cancer Term Survival
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Naito S, Matsui K, Otani N et al (2002) (Text in Japanese) Jibiinkouka Rinsho supplement 109:148–152 (CaseR)Google Scholar
Sakai A, Sugitani I, Kawabata K et al (2007) (Text in Japanese) Naibunpitu Geka 24:151–155 (CaseR)Google Scholar
Ito Y, Higashiyama T, Hirokawa M et al (2008) Prognosis of patients with papillary carcinoma showing anaplastic transformation in regional lymph nodes that were curatively resected. Endocr J 55:985–989 (RS)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Inuzuka K, Fujisaki M, Tokura H et al (2004) (Text in Japanese) Rinsho Geka 59:767–771 (CaseR)Google Scholar
Aono H, Muto M, Park T et al (2002) (Text in Japanese) Kyotoshi Byouin 22:53–57 (CaseR)Google Scholar
Quiros RM, Ding HG, Gattuso P et al (2005) Evidence that one subset of anaplastic thyroid carcinomas are derived from papillary carcinomas due to BRAF and p53 mutations. Cancer 103:2261–2268 (RS)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wang HM, Huang YW, Huang JS et al (2007) Anaplastic carcinoma of the thyroid arising more often from follicular carcinoma than papillary carcinoma. Ann Surg Oncol 14:3011–3018 (RS)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Elliott DD, Sherman SI, Busaidy NL et al (2008) Growth factor receptors expression in anaplastic thyroid carcinoma: potential markers for therapeutic stratification. Hum Pathol 39:15–20 (PS)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wiseman SM, Griffith OL, Deen S et al (2007) Identification of molecular markers altered during transformation of differentiated into anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. Arch Surg 142:717–729 (PS)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar