CQ5. What Are the Physical Signs and Symptoms That Increase the Likelihood of Thyroid Cancer and What Are the Sensitivity and Specificity?

  • Shinichi Suzuki
  • Nobuhiro Fukunari
  • Kaori Kameyama
  • Megumi Miyakawa
  • Katsuhiro Tanaka
  • Yatsuka Hibi


Physical signs are important elements in the diagnosis of thyroid cancer on which much have been written. However, little has been reported on the statistical significance of each sign. If a physical sign that increases the likelihood of thyroid cancer is detected, a sonogram examination and a fine needle aspiration biopsy are recommended. Here we discuss which physical signs and observation of the thyroid will indicate the likelihood of cancer.


Thyroid Cancer Thyroid Carcinoma Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Cervical Lymph Node Papillary Carcinoma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shinichi Suzuki
    • 1
  • Nobuhiro Fukunari
    • 2
  • Kaori Kameyama
    • 3
  • Megumi Miyakawa
    • 4
  • Katsuhiro Tanaka
    • 5
  • Yatsuka Hibi
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Organ Regulation SurgeryFukushima Medical University, School of MedicineFukushimaJapan
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryShowa University Northern Yokohama HospitalYokohamaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Diagnostic PathologyKeio University School of MedicineTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Endocrine CenterToranomon HospitalTokyoJapan
  5. 5.Department of Breast and Thyroid SurgeryKawasaki Medical SchoolKurashikiJapan
  6. 6.Department of Endocrine SurgeryFujita Health University School of MedicineToyoakeJapan

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