Biodiversity Issues in Indonesia, with Special Reference to Biodiversity in Human-Dominated Landscapes
Indonesia has the world’s third largest area of tropical rain forest (after Brazil and the Democratic Republic of the Congo). Indonesia is estimated to have 90 ecosystem types, from alpine (snow peaks at Jayawijaya in Papua) to subalpine, from montane to lowland rain forests (including grasslands, savannah, and wetlands), and from marine and coastal ecosystems (including estuaries, mangroves, sea grasses, and coral reefs) to deep sea ecosystems (The National Development Agency 2003). Indonesia’s diverse geographic, geological, and topographical conditions make the country’s forests home to a great diversity of flora and fauna.
KeywordsEcosystem Service Agroforestry System Biodiversity Conservation Agricultural Landscape Landscape Element
This research was supported by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) #21380023 (FY 2009–11) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, and by the Environment Research and Technology Development Fund (S-9-1) of the Ministry of the Environment, Japan. The authors would like to thank Ms. Chaedaroh and Mr. Radyktia for their assistance during the fieldworks.
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