East and Southeast Asian Pteridophyte Flora and DNA Barcoding

  • Atsushi Ebihara
  • Li-Yaung Kuo
Part of the Ecological Research Monographs book series (ECOLOGICAL)


Ferns and lycophytes are seedless vascular plants traditionally referred to as pteridophytes. Pteridophytes are major components of tropical flora, but they show lower extant species diversity than seed plants (ca. 12,000 vs. 230,000). Malesia, a biogeographic region that includes seven countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, East Timor), is one of the world’s richest areas in terms of its diversity of pteridophyte species, with an occurrence of no less than 4,400 species (Roos 1996). Although this number appears to be an overestimate due to the presence of taxa that are typically synonymized in families with no published revisions of the flora, at least one-third of the world’s species are likely to be distributed in East and Southeast Asia when the floras of Malesia, Indochina, and temperate East Asia are combined. Thus, even with only one endemic family (Matoniaceae), this area is one of the world’s most fascinating and important areas for pteridology.


Fern Gametophyte Tropical Flora Pteridophyte Species Sporophyte Generation Japanese Taxon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BotanyNational Museum of Nature and ScienceTsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

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