Strategies to Observe and Assess Changes of Terrestrial Biodiversity in the Asia-Pacific Regions

  • Tetsukazu Yahara
  • Munemitsu Akasaka
  • Hiroyuki Hirayama
  • Ryuji Ichihashi
  • Shuichiro Tagane
  • Hironori Toyama
  • Ryo Tsujino
Part of the Ecological Research Monographs book series (ECOLOGICAL)


Biodiversity loss is one of the most critical threats to global environments that has already transgressed planetary boundaries (Rockström et al. 2009). Indeed, nonlinear, often abrupt changes can drive unacceptable and irreversible deterioration. Rockström et al. (2009) claimed that earth’s system cannot sustain the current rate of biodiversity loss without significant erosion of resilience. To halt this biodiversity loss, global efforts to achieve “by 2010 a significant reduction of the current rate of biodiversity loss at the global, regional, and national level,” called the 2010 biodiversity targets, have been made since the agreement by the world’s governments in 2002. However, the latest data on the status and trends of biodiversity summarized in the third edition of Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO-3) show that the target had not been met (Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity 2010).


Biodiversity Loss Forest Loss Distribution Record Biodiversity Data Global Biodiversity Information Facility 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The ideas described in this article have been developed through discussion with participants of AP-BON workshops and GEOSS-AP symposia. We thank all of participants for their enthusiastic contribution to the meetings and the many suggestions that came to fruition in this chapter. It is greatly regretted that Navjot Sodhi passed away just before this manuscript was completed. We are respectfully grateful for his enthusiasm and contribution to biodiversity assessments in the Asia-Pacific region as were partly reviewed in the chapter. We also thank members of GEO BON WG 1 and the Science Committee members of the bioGENESIS core project of DIVERSITAS who also gave us stimulating and constructive comments on strategies for biodiversity observations. Satoshi Tagawa kindly prepared Figure 4 based on his unpublished data. The Environment Research and Technology Development Fund (S9) of the Ministry of the Environment, Japan, supported the work done in this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tetsukazu Yahara
    • 1
  • Munemitsu Akasaka
    • 1
  • Hiroyuki Hirayama
    • 1
  • Ryuji Ichihashi
    • 1
  • Shuichiro Tagane
    • 1
  • Hironori Toyama
    • 1
  • Ryo Tsujino
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Asian Conservation Ecology, Department of BiologyKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

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