Land Suitability Assessment Using a Fuzzy Multi-Criteria Evaluation

  • Duong Dang Khoi
  • Yuji Murayama


Protected areas (PAs) have become a universally adopted way of conserving biodiversity for a wide range of human values. Globally, 11.2% of the total forest area has been designated for the conservation of biological diversity (FAO 2005). A PA is defined as “an area of land and/or sea especially dedicated to the protection of biological diversity, and of natural and associated cultural resources, and managed through legal or other effective means” (IUCN 1994). Although PAs are designed for biodiversity conservation goals, they are also important to the livelihoods of local communities, particularly of indigenous people who depend on the resources available in the PAs for their survival (McNeely 1993; WCPA 2010). In Vietnam, PAs are strongly affected by nearby rural communities because the people’s livelihoods often depend heavily on land and forest resources from PAs (Phuong and Dembner 1994; ICEM 2003). Driven by population pressure in the PA buffer zones, increasing demands for food, timber, and non-timber products have resulted in agricultural expansion into PAs (ICEM 2003). To control agricultural expansion into PAs and ensure sustainable uses of land in the buffer zones, there is a great need to locate agricultural production activities in suitable locations to avoid negative ecological consequences. PA managers are often requested to identify the spatial distribution of suitable areas for cropland in the buffer zone. One way to achieve this identification is to employ a land suitability assessment (LSA) tool.


Secondary Forest Buffer Zone Paddy Rice Fuzzy Membership Function Land Suitability 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Land AdministrationHanoi University of Natural Resources and EnvironmentHanoiVietnam
  2. 2.Division of Spatial Information Science, Graduate School of Life and Environmental SciencesUniversity of TsukubaTsukubaJapan

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