Island Arc Volcanic Rocks and the Upper Continental Crust

  • Takeru Yanagi
Part of the Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences book series (LNEARTH, volume 136)


It has been found that primitive basaltic magma evolves by crystallization differentiation in the repeatedly refilled magma chamber to magma of chemical composition of the upper continental crust, and that arc volcanic rocks are lavas extruded from the chamber in the act of undergoing this transformation. To confirm these observations further, it is necessary to examine major element and other minor element compositions of arc volcanic rocks. First minor element compositions and then major element compositions are presented.


Volcanic Rock Continental Crust Magma Chamber Fractional Crystallization Basaltic Magma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Condie KC (1993) Chemical composition and evolution of the upper continental crust: contrasting results from surface samples and shales. Chem Geol 104:1–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Gao S, Luo T-C, Zhang B-R, Zhang H-F, Han YW, Zhao Z-D, Hu Y-K (1998) Chemical composition of the continental crust as revealed by studies in East China. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 62:1959–1975CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ghiorso MS, Sack RO (1995) Chemical mass transfer in magmatic process IV. A revised and internally consistent thermodynamic model for the interpolation of liquid-solid equilibria in magmatic systems at elevated temperatures and pressures. Contrib Miner Petrol 119:197–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hasegawa A, Nakajima J, Uchida N, Okada T, Zhao D, Matsuzawa T, Umino N (2009) Plate subduction, and generation of earthquakes and magnas in Japan as inferred from seismic observations: an overview. Gond Res 16:370–400CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ishizaka K, Yanagi T (1975) Occurrence of plagiogranite in the older tectonic zone, southwest Japan. Earth Planet Sci Lett 27:371–377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Iwamori H (1998) Transportation of H20 and melting in subduction zones. Earth Planet Sci Lett 160:65–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kuno H (1959) Origin of Cenozoic petrological provinces of Japan and surrounding areas. Bull Volcanol Ser 2(20):37–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kushiro I (1987) A petrological model of the mantle wedge and lower crust in the Japanese island arcs. In: Maysen BO (ed) Magmatic processes: physicochemical principles, vol 1, Special Publication. Geochemical Society, University Park, pp 165–181Google Scholar
  9. Masuda Y, Aoki K (1979) Trace element variations in the volcanic rocks from the Nasu Zone, Northeast Japan. Earth Planet Sci Lett 44:139–149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Miyashiro A (1975) Classification characteristics, and origin of ophiolites. J Geol 83:249–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Murase T (1962) Viscosity and related properties of volcanic rocks at 800 to 1400°C. J Fac Sci, Hokkaido Univ Ser 7 1:487–584Google Scholar
  12. Murase T, McBirney AR (1973) Properties of some common igneous rocks and their melts at high temperatures. Geol Soc Am Bull 84:3563–3592CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ogata M (1993) Magmatic differentiation and growth history of Taradake volcano, Northwestern Kyushu, Japan. Ph. D. Thesis, Kyushu University, 140 pGoogle Scholar
  14. Shaw DM, Cramer JJ, Higgins MD, Truscott MG (1986) Composition of the Canadian Precambrian shield and the continental crust of the earth. In: Dawson JB, Carswell DA, Hall J, Wedepohl KH (eds) The nature of the lower continental crust, vol 24, Geological Society Special Publication. Blackwell Scientific Publication, Oxford, pp 275–282Google Scholar
  15. Sugimoto T (1999) Magmatic differentiation and evolution of a chamber system beneath the Unzen volcano. Ph. D. Thesis, Kyushu University, 141 pGoogle Scholar
  16. Taylor SR, McLennan SM (1985) The continental crust: its composition and evolution. Blackwell Scientific Publication, Carlton, 312 pGoogle Scholar
  17. Wager LR (1960) The major element variation of the Layered Series of the Skaergaard Intrusion and a re-estimation of the average composition of the hidden layered series and of the successive residual magmas. J Petrol 1:364–399Google Scholar
  18. Wager LR, Brown GM (1967) Layered igneous rocks. W. H. Freeman, San Francisco, 588 pGoogle Scholar
  19. Wedepohl KH (1995) The composition of the continental crust. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 59:1217–1232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Yagi K, Kawano Y, Aoki T (1963) Types of Quaternary volcanic activity in northeast Japan. Bull Volcanol 26:223–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Yanagi T, Yamashita K (1994) Genesis of continental crust under island arc conditions. Lithos 33:209–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.FukuokaJapan

Personalised recommendations