Advertisement

Search for the Formation Mechanism of Continental Crust

  • Takeru Yanagi
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences book series (LNEARTH, volume 136)

Abstract

Once the first stage of separation of continental crust from the mantle was confirmed to be generation of basaltic magma in the mantle, the difficulty was to transform this magma into the granitic upper continental crust. To overcome this difficulty in a non-conventional manner, three new constraints needed to be established, as follows.

Keywords

Partial Melting Continental Crust Fractional Crystallization Basaltic Magma Parental Magma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Condie KC (1993) Chemical composition and evolution of the upper continental crust: contrasting results from surface samples and shales. Chem Geol 104:1–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Condie KC (1997) Plate tectonics and crustal evolution. Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston, 282 pGoogle Scholar
  3. Ghiorso MS, Sack RO (1995) Chemical mass transfer in magmatic process IV. A revised and internally consistent thermodynamic model for the interpolation of liquid-solid equilibria in magmatic systems at elevated temperatures and pressures. Contrib Miner Petrol 119:197–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hess PC (1992) Phase equilibria constraints on the origin of ocean floor basalts. In: Morgan JP, Blackman DK, Sinton JM (eds) Mantle flow and melt generation at mid-ocean ridges, vol 71, Geophysical monograph. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, pp 67–102Google Scholar
  5. Hurley PM, Hughes H, Faure G, Fairbairn HW, Pinson WH (1962) Radiogenic strontium-87 model of continental formation. J Geophys Res 67:5315–5334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kuno K (1976) Volcanoes and volcanic rocks. Iwanami, Tokyo, 283 p, (In Japanese)Google Scholar
  7. McDonough WF, Sun S-s (1995) The composition of the earth. Chem Geol 120:223–253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Shaw DM, Cramer JJ, Higgins MD, Truscott MG (1986) Composition of the Canadian Precambrian shield and the continental crust of the earth. In: Dawson JB, Carswell DA, Hall J, Wedepohl KH (eds) The nature of the lower continental crust, vol 24, Geological Society Special Publication. Blackwell Scientific Publication, Oxford, pp 275–282Google Scholar
  9. Taylor SR (1965) The application of trace element data to problems in petrology. In: Ahrens LH, Press F, Runcorn SK, Urey HC (eds) Physics and chemistry of the earth, vol 6. Pergamon, London, pp 133–214Google Scholar
  10. Taylor SR, McLennan SM (1985) The continental crust: its composition and evolution. Blackwell Scientific Publication, Carlton, 312 pGoogle Scholar
  11. Tuttle OF, Bowen NL (1958) Origin of granite in the light of experimental studies in the system NaAlSi3O8-KAlSi3O8-SiO2-H2O. Geol Soc Am Mem 74:153Google Scholar
  12. Wager LR (1960) The major element variation of the Layered Series of the Skaergaard Intrusion and a re-estimation of the average composition of the hidden layered series and of the successive residual magmas. J Petrol 1:364–399Google Scholar
  13. Wager LR, Brown GM (1967) Layered igneous rocks. W. H. Freeman, San Francisco, 588 pGoogle Scholar
  14. Wänke H, Dreibus G, Jagoutz E (1984) Mantle chemistry and accretion history. In: Kröner A, Hanson GN, Goodwin AM (eds) Archean geochemistry. Springer, Berlin, pp 1–24Google Scholar
  15. Wedepohl KH (1995) The composition of the continental crust. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 59:1217–1232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Yanagi T (1975) Rubidium-strontium model of formation of the continental crust and the granite at the island arc. Mem Fac Sci, Kyushu Univ Ser D 22:37–98Google Scholar
  17. Yanagi T, Ichimaru Y, Hirahara S (1991) Petrochemical evidence for coupled magma chambers beneath the Sakurajima volcano, Kyushu, Japan. Geochem J 25:17–30Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.FukuokaJapan

Personalised recommendations