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The Futurability of Islands: A Japanese Reflection on the Harmonious Coexistence of Nature and Humankind

  • Kunio Iwatsuki
Part of the Global Environmental Studies book series (GENVST)

Abstract

Islands are usually described as ecologically fragile places. Their sustainable ­development requires careful and long-term design. By “long-term” I means at least 100 years, whereas most development designs and plans are set up for much shorter terms of a few years at most. Development policies are usually designed for limited terms because political and/or economic planning is based on a strict budget and strict time frame in power which, for ministers and politicians in democratic societies­, averages at around 3.5 years. Although detailed budget sharing may be ­possible only for cycles of a few years, practical planning should be conceived for such terms within a longer perspective of centuries and on the basis of appropriate scientific estimates. Sustainability will be maintained only when such long-term estimations are successful.

Keywords

Biosphere Reserve Conservation Site Ogasawara Island World Natural Heritage Site World Natural Heritage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Abdiweli MA (2005) Democracy and durability: empirical analysis and a causality test. Atl Econ J 33(1):105–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Iwatsuki K (2009) Harmonious co-existence between nature and humankind: an ideal lifestyle for sustainability carried out in the traditional Japanese spirit. Man Nat (Proc Mus Nat Hum Act Hyogo) 18:1–18Google Scholar
  3. Iwatsuki K, Suzuki K (eds) (2007) Catalogue of UNESCO/MAB biosphere reserves in Japan, ­version II. Japanese Coordinating Committee for Man and the Biosphere Program, YokohamaGoogle Scholar
  4. UNESCO-MAB (2008) Madrid action plan for biosphere reserves. Available off home-page of UNESCO-MAB. Also at: http://portal.unesco.org/science/en/ev.php-URL_ID=6389&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html

Copyright information

© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Museum of Nature and Human ActivitiesHyogoJapan

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