Methodology for Exploring Co-benefits of CO2 and SO2 Mitigation Policies in India using AIM/Enduse model
This study illustrates a methodology to explore co-benefits of CO2 and SO2 mitigation objectives, along with initial results for India, using AIM/Enduse model. It is assumed for India that use of low-sulfur fuels in transport sector, rapid penetration of sulfur removal technologies in power sector and large industry boilers will enable early decoupling of the two emissions under the business-as-usual scenario. Two additional sets of scenarios – one for carbon taxes and the other for corresponding SO2 constraints – were set up to analyze co-benefits. Initial results suggest that under the application of carbon tax there is a strong overlap among the economic options for reduction of CO2 and SO2 emissions over the business-as-usual level. However, under pure SO2 mitigation targets over business-as-usual, the economic options for SO2 mitigation and CO2 mitigation are likely to get decoupled. AIM/Enduse, being rich in representation of technological processes, is an effective vehicle to analyze these effects.
KeywordsMitigation Policy Power Sector Emission Mitigation Economic Option Primary Energy Supply
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