Advertisement

Impact and Adaptation Assessment on a National Scale: Case Studies on Water in China

  • Kiyoshi Takahashi
  • Songcai You
  • Jiulin Sun
  • Zehui Li
  • Toshihiko Masui
  • Tsuneyuki Morita
  • Yuzuru Matsuoka
  • Hideo Harasawa

Abstract

In order to assess vulnerability to climate change, not only the degree of climate change impact but also the adaptive capacity of the region with regard to the impact needs to be considered. To achieve such an assessment, a nationalscale impact assessment model is being developed. This paper introduces two case studies related to water problems in China. One of them is a scenario for an assessment of future water withdrawal and consumption in China taking into consideration alternative future socio-economic development patterns. This indicates that the adoption of appropriate policies and efficient technologies can ensure that future water consumption is maintained at the current level, even though water withdrawal will increase under all socio-economic scenarios, which reflects the expected increase in industrial withdrawal. In the other case study, an evaluation is made of the adaptation policies in China for mitigating current flood damage due to climate variability as well as the future increase in flood damage due to climate change is evaluated. Investment in infrastructure for flood prevention in accordance with the expected future climate change can also reduce current flood damage and is found to be robust and low-regret adaptation strategy.

Keywords

Capital Stock Total Productivity Factor Climate Change Impact Agricultural Sector Flood Damage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Duraiappah AK (1993) Global warming and economic development, a holistic approach to international policy co-operation and co-ordination. Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  2. Gao ZQ, Liu JY, Zhuang DF (1998) The dynamic changes of the gravity center of the farmland area and the quality of the farmland ecological background in China. Journal of Natural Resources 13(1): 92–96 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  3. Jiang JL, Ruan GF, Ren L (1998) Analysis on effect of technology progress on economic development in China. In: Estimation of technology progress contribution to economic development: theory and practice. China Planning Press (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  4. Kong SH (1999) Effects of transfer of surplus rural labor on advance of industrial structure. China Economics Publishing House (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  5. Li Y, Shen ZH, Guo N (2000) One birth or two births? Life Weekly 10: 31–44(in Chinese)Google Scholar
  6. Masui T, Morita T, Kyogoku J (2000) Analysis of recycling activities using multi-sectoral economic model with material flow. European Journal of Operational Research 122: 405–415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ministry of Agriculture (1996) China agricultural development report-96. China Agricultural Press (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  8. Nordhaus WD (1994) Managing the global commons–the economics of climate change. The MIT PressGoogle Scholar
  9. Shi QQ and Qin BT (1998) Study on effect of technology progress on economic development. In: Estimation of technology progress contribution to economic development: theory and practice. China Planning Press (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  10. Shiklomanov IA (1998) Assessment of water resources and water availability in the world, Comprehensive assessment of the freshwater resources of the world, Stockholm Environment InstituteGoogle Scholar
  11. SSB (1981) China Statistical Yearbook-1981. China Statistical Publishing House (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  12. SSB (1995) China Statistical Yearbook-1995. China Statistical Publishing House (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  13. SSB (1996) China Statistical Yearbook-1996. China Statistical Publishing House (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  14. SSB (1999) China Statistical Yearbook-1998. China Statistical Publishing House (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  15. UNEP (2002) GEO-3, Past, present and future perspectives. EarthscanGoogle Scholar
  16. WRI (2001) World resources 2000-2001: People and ecosystems: The fraying web of life. World Resource InstituteGoogle Scholar
  17. Zhu DJ (1999) Study on labor migration between rural and urban under market of three sectors. China Economics Publishing House (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  18. Zhu XG, Liu YF (1998) Estimation of the contribution of technology growth to agricultural development in China. In: Estimation of the contribution of technology progress to economic development: theory and practice. China Planning Press (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kiyoshi Takahashi
    • 1
  • Songcai You
    • 2
  • Jiulin Sun
    • 2
  • Zehui Li
    • 2
  • Toshihiko Masui
    • 1
  • Tsuneyuki Morita
    • 1
  • Yuzuru Matsuoka
    • 3
  • Hideo Harasawa
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute for Environmental StudiesTsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources ResearchBeijingChina
  3. 3.Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

Personalised recommendations