AIM/Material Model

  • Toshihiko Masui
  • Ashish Rana
  • Yuzuru Matsuoka


The AIM/Material model has been developed for assessing policy impacts not only on CO2 emissions reduction but also other environmental issues, at present mainly focusing on solid waste management. Some activities for CO2 emissions reduction are related to solid waste management. By using this model, both global climate policies and the domestic environmental policies can be assessed simultaneously. Other features of this model are as follows; not only an economic balance but also a materials balance is reproduced, and environmental industry and environmental investment to reduce environmental burdens are introduced. This model has been applied to Japan and India. In the case of Japan, the reduction of CO2 emissions and final disposal of solid wastes in 2010 based on the Kyoto Protocol and government targets, respectively, will lead to a 0.5% loss in the GDP compared with the reference scenario. On the other hand, the introduction of environmental investment and other policies such as technology improvements and green consumption will mitigate more than half of the GDP loss. As for India, since toxic waste is a much more serious environmental problem than final disposal, this model is applied to the reduction of toxic waste.


Solid Waste Toxic Waste Computable General Equilibrium Model Final Disposal Social Accounting Matrix 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toshihiko Masui
    • 1
  • Ashish Rana
    • 1
  • Yuzuru Matsuoka
    • 2
  1. 1.National Institute for Environmental StudiesTsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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